Red Elderberry (Sambucus racemosa)
Size Sold: 1-0, 6-12 inches
Native to the U.S.
COLDEST USDA Cold Hardiness Zone Where Species Typically Survives: 3
Range: throughout the U.S., and portions of Canada
Typical Mature Height: 6-12 feet, up to 36 feet
Light Requirement: sun, partial shade, shade
Soils: typically moist to wet soils
Habitat: deciduous forests, wetlands (particularly riparian forests and meadows)
Flower Color: white
Fruit: clusters of berry-like drupes
Bloom Time: spring/early summer
Wildlife Value: particularlybeneficial to native bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds
Uses: Berry-like drupes, leaves, bark, and roots are toxic if eaten raw! However, berry-like drupes are used to make jelly, jam, preserves, and wine. The flower clusters have been used to make healing salves and tea. Elderberry has also been shown to stimulate the immune system and help prevent viral infections.
Photo by Dave Powell, USDA Forest Service (retired), Bugwood.org
More Information: https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=SARA2