Eastern Redcedar (Juniperus virginiana)
Evergreen Conifer Tree
Size for Sale: 2-0, 6-12 inches
Other Names: Virginia Juniper, Red Juniper
Native to the U.S.
COLDEST USDA Cold Hardiness Zone Where Species Typically Survives: 3
Range: Canada; Midwest; eastern, southern, and southeastern U.S.; portions of western U.S.
Typical Mature Height: up to ~40 feet
Light Requirement: sun, partial shade
Soils: dry soils
Habitat: dry, sandy sites; abandoned fields
Cone: male and female cones on separate trees; female cones are fleshy and resemble blue berries
Wildlife Value: the fleshy cones are consumed by many birds and mammals, including the cedar waxwing;
Uses: EXERCISE CAUTION when planting near apple orchards because Eastern Red Cedar serves as an alternate host to the harmful cedar apple rust; CONELESS twigs are used to make juniper tea (consuming the cones can be mildly toxic to humans although tea has often been made from cones); wood is aromatic and decay resistant and is used for products such as fence posts and cabinets; heartwood was historically used to make pencils; Native Americans historically used tea from needles and cones for medicinal purposes
Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University, bugwood.org
More Information: http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=JUVI